# Financial Ratio Analysis Liquidity Ratios

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This can be done through accounts receivable financing, a line of credit, some other type of asset-based financing, or the sale of shares in the business. If it is not possible to obtain such financing, then there is a good chance that the entity will be forced into bankruptcy. For example, if a company has $1,000 in current liabilities on its balance sheet. But also has $1,500 in quick assets, so its quick ratio is 1.5, or $1,500 / $1,000. A quick ratio of 1.0 means that for every $1 a company has in current liabilities, it also has $1 in quick assets.

The quick ratio and current ratio are accounting formulas small business owners can use to understand liquidity. While the quick ratio uses quick assets, the current ratio uses current assets. The current ratio formula is current assets divided by current liabilities. Current assets are assets that can be converted to cash within a year or less.

## How to calculate the quick ratio

A less than one ratio indicates that a business doesn’t have enough liquid assets to cover its current liabilities within a short period. The quick ratio only includes highly-liquid assets or cash equivalents as current assets. However, it’s essential to consider other liquidity ratios, such as current ratio and cash ratio when analyzing a great company to invest in. This way, you’ll get a clear picture of a company’s liquidity and financial health. A quick ratio below 1 shows that a company may not be in a position to meet its current obligations because it has insufficient assets to be liquidated. This tells potential investors that the company in question is not generating enough profits to meet its current liabilities.

### What if quick ratio is 1?

A result of 1 is considered to be the normal quick ratio. It indicates that the company is fully equipped with exactly enough assets to be instantly liquidated to pay off its current liabilities.

Inventory is not included in the ratio, since it can be quite difficult to sell off in the short term, and possibly at a loss. Because of the exclusion of inventory from the formula, the Quick ratio is a better indicator than the current ratio of the ability of a company to pay its immediate obligations. This is a particularly useful ratio when a business is facing difficult financial circumstances, and needs to pay off a substantial amount of liabilities in the near term. In current ratio calculations, current assets include not only cash and equivalents, marketable securities and accounts receivable but also inventory and prepaid expenses. Current liabilities include accounts payable, short-term debt and accrued liabilities and other debts.

## Current Ratio vs. Quick Ratio: What’s the Difference?

«The higher the ratio result, the better a company’s liquidity and financial health is,» says Jaime. A quick ratio above 1.0 indicates a company has enough quick assets to cover its current liabilities. A higher ratio indicates that the company has more liquidity and financial flexibility.

Treasury bill with a maturity date of three months or less, upon acquisition by the company, qualifies as a cash equivalent. It’s the balance the company has in all its cash accounts from the general ledger. It may include petty cash –cash on hand– and cash in various bank accounts.

## The quick ratio is a basic liquidity metric that helps determine a company’s solvency

It means that the company has enough money on hand to pay its obligations. The balance sheet doesn’t list the current ratio, but it provides all the information you need to calculate your company’s current ratio. From the financial analysis, it’s clear that your company is growing steadily. You can easily tell that the company has excellent growth MRR and low churn but calculating the SaaS quick ratio puts things into perspective. That indicates that your firm has $2.5 worth of current assets for every dollar you have in current liabilities. To achieve such a meteoric rise, SaaS firms must have a firm grip on their financials.

- What if a company needs quick access to more cash than it has on hand to meet financial obligations?
- For example, suppose Company A has current liabilities of $15,000 and quick assets comprising $1,000 cash and $19,000 of accounts receivable, with customer payment terms of 90 days.
- Simply subtract inventory and any current prepaid assets from the current asset total for the numerator.
- A quick ratio below 1 shows that a company may not be in a position to meet its current obligations because it has insufficient assets to be liquidated.

A subscription model makes for a predictable revenue stream that allows these businesses to achieve phenomenon growth. Some SaaS firms have achieved unicorn status in five years, growing to the coveted $1B valuations. Designed for freelancers and small business owners, Debitoor invoicing software makes it quick and easy to issue professional invoices and manage your business finances.

The quick ratio removes inventory and prepaid expenses because, although they are both current assets, they can not be quickly and easily converted to cash. Inventory is excluded because it cannot be quickly converted to cash and the dollar amount is not certain. If a company is in a hurry to convert its inventory into cash, it may have to offer steep discounts which decrease the potential cash value of the inventory compared to the book value. Prepaid expenses are excluded because they likely cannot be refunded in the short term in order to cover the company’s current liabilities.

Whereas the current ratio includes all current assets and current liabilities, the quick ratio only considers ‘quick assets’. Quick assets are the most easily liquidated assets, meaning that they can be converted into cash within a short period of time. It’s also known as the acid-test ratio and is worth learning—no matter your industry. The quick ratio helps you track your liquidity, which is your ability to pay bills in the short term. Using the quick ratio can help you avoid cash flow problems and maintain good relationships with your creditors and suppliers.